Patient advocates are non-medical administrators hired by the hospital to assist patients receiving care in the hospital. The development of home medical technologies, significant cost savings and patient preference for home care have contributed to making this once small segment one of the fastest growing health services. For example, some of these workers are nursing assistants, home health aides, building cleaners, dental assistants, medical assistants, and personal and home care aides. Hospitals employ workers at all levels of education and training, thus offering a wider range of opportunities than other segments of the health care industry.
Health protection is costly and hospital expenses are the best-known explanation for individual settlement in the United States. About 59% of the jobs in this segment are in service occupations, mainly home health aides and personal and home care aides. Demand for this segment's services is related to patients' ability to pay, either directly or through health insurance. Enrolment in managed care programmes, primarily preferred provider organisations, health maintenance organisations and hybrid plans such as point-of-service programmes, continues to grow.
In fact, 47 e of nursing and residential care facility workers have a high school diploma or less, as do 20 e of hospital workers. The health care sector includes establishments ranging from small-town private physician practices that employ only one physician assistant to busy inner-city hospitals that provide thousands of diverse jobs. In the District of Columbia, 4 out of every 100 workers, or just over 17,000, were employed as health care workers. The healthcare industry (also called the medical industry or health economy) is an aggregation and integration of sectors within the economic system that provides goods and services to treat patients with curative, preventive, rehabilitative and palliative care.
The health sector benefits from a strong medical research and development system, in cooperation with the higher education system and the technology industry. Health professionals and technical occupations and administrative and clerical support occupations also account for a significant share of all jobs: 35% and 31% respectively. Since 2000, women's share and median earnings in highly educated health care jobs have increased, while earnings in other health care jobs show little progress. Some companies, such as Wal-Mart and the WHO, have stopped hiring employees who smoke to reduce health care costs.